Project Cane

Status of the Rattans in forest of North West bengal (Plains)

NTFP DIVISION, DIRECTORATE OF FORESTS, GOVT OF WEST BENGAL

 

  • Cane projectSTUDY CONDUCTED BY NTFP DIVISION ,WEST BENGAL
  • STUDY PERIOD MAY 2009 TO DECEMBER 2009
  • TOTAL FUND RS 60,000.00
  • STUDY DONE BY SRI TAPAN KATHAM
  • AREA COVERED
    • BUXA TIGER RESERVE(BTR EAST, WEST DIVISION)
    • WILDLIFE DIVISION III(WL III)
    • WILDLIFE DIVISION II, EXCEPT NEORA VALLY NP(WL II)
    • WILDLIFE DIVISION I ONLY MAHANANDA WLS(WL I)
    • JALPAIGURI DIVISION
    • BAIKUNTHAPUR DIVISION(BKP)
    • KURSEONG DIVISION(PART)
  •  TAXONOMIC IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIES DR A.P DAS, DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH BENGAL

Cane Species Raised

Calamus erectus (FEKRE BET) 

 

HABIT erect, non deciduous, perennial, maximum 3m in height leaflet wide.

 

FLOWERING  October to November

 

 

OCCURRENCE:

100-1000m altitude , foothill to lower middle hill area, slopes, river banks, swampy , shady area 

REGENERATION  STATUS

Scattered

DISTRIBUTION:

Adma 2, SRVK 12(BTR W)
Buxaduar 2, Santrabari 1, Bhutanghat 2, Phaskhawa 2 (BTR E)
Andheri, Gola, Punding (WL I)
Jaigaon 1, Dalsingpara 3((WL III) 

USES

Garden fencing, basket making, furniture

 

Calamus guruba (MURGI BET)  

HABIT erect, non deciduous, perennial, maximum 17m in height.

FLOWERING  December to March

OCCURRENCE:

33-500m altitude , plain to foothill area, near river banks, ditch-pond area , shady area

REGENERATION  STATUS

Abundant, common


DISTRIBUTION:

SRVK-15 ,Cheko 6, Panbari 7, Phaskhawa 2,3; Damanpur 2 (BTR)

DLG 1,2,3,4;CMG 8 (JALPAIGURI)

Selka 1, Tondu2, Gorumara 2 (WL II),

Andheri, Gola, Punding (WL I)

Bania 2,3; Malangi 1; Jaldapara 1,5;Salkumar 3((WL III)

Fuljhora 3;Sialdoba 2, Saraswati 12, Simulguri 7(BKP)

USES

Basket furniture making, Rava, Mech, Garo, tribes use the flagellum for capturing cricket insect for food 

 

 

Calamus latifolius (PUTULI BET) 

HABIT At a glance resembling like Palm sp, erect, only sub – deciduous sp , perennial, 40 m in height, spine fallsl on maturity

 

FLOWERING  December to February

OCCURRENCE:

33-850m altitude , plain to foothill area, slopes, river banks, swampy , shady area

 

REGENERATION  STATUS

Scattered

 

DISTRIBUTION:

SRVK-9 ,Cheko 5, Panbari 7, Damanpur 2 , Nimati 7,Poro 8(BTR)

DLG 1,2,3,4 (JALPAIGURI)

Selka 1, Tondu 2, (WL II),

Andheri, Gola, Punding (WL I)

Bania 3; Dumchi 2((WL III)

Simulguri 7(BKP)

 

USES

Making furniture, walking stick 

 

Calamus tenuis (PANI BET)

HABIT erect, non deciduous, perennial, Stem at base not clavate or arise singly

 

FLOWERING  January to March

OCCURRENCE:

33-500m altitude , plain to foothill slopes, river banks, wet, damp ,shady area

REGENERATION  STATUS

Uncommon. One of the threatened species

 

DISTRIBUTION:

Cheko 4, Panbari 1, (BTR)

DLG 1,3, (JALPAIGURI)

Tondu 2, (WL II),

Bania 2; (WL III)

Simulguri 7(BKP)

USES

basket ,furniture making, Forest villagers use tender top of stem as vegetables, medicine

 

Daemonorops jenkinsianus (GARAL ,DUDHIA BET)

 

 

HABIT erect, non deciduous, perennial, Upto 17m in height mammoth rattans.

FLOWERING  Sept to Nov

OCCURRENCE:

33-1000m altitude , foothill to middle hill area, near river , occasionally on dry grounds of plantation

REGENERATION  STATUS

Abundant in scattered, common sp

DISTRIBUTION:

SRVK ,Cheko, Poro, Panbari, Nimati(BTR)

DLG 1,2,3,4;CMG 8,11 (JALPAIGURI)

Selka 1, Tondu2, Gorumara 2 (WL II)

Bania 2,3; Malangi 1; Jaldapara 1,5; Salkumar3((WL III)

Andheri, Gola, Punding (WL I)

Fuljhora 1;Sialdoba 2, Saraswati1,6, Simulguri 9,7(BKP)

USES

Making of  furniture, walking stick Tender top is used as vegetable to Rava, Mech, Garo, Toto tribes

 

 


 
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